Government Must Take Action to Address Air Pollution in Darbhanga

What is Air Pollution?
When dangerous or excessive amounts of pollutants from human activities like manufacturing, transportation, and agriculture are found in the Earth's atmosphere, it is referred to as air pollution. The ecosystem, plants, animals, and human health can all be negatively impacted by air pollution.
There are several kinds of air contaminants, such as-
Particulate matter (PM): Tiny airborne particles that can be inhaled all the way to the lungs' deepest levels. PM has been linked to a number of health issues, including as cancer, heart disease, and respiratory infections. 
Nitrogen oxides (NOx): Gases that can cause acid rain and smog. NOx can aggravate asthma and irritate the lungs. 
Sulphur dioxide (SO2): A gas that can cause respiratory issues and contribute to the formation of acid rain. Gas called carbon monoxide (CO) has the ability to lessen the amount of oxygen that reaches tissues within the body. In high amounts, CO can be lethal and produce headaches, nausea, and dizziness. 
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs): A class of chemicals that may be found in solvents, industries, and automobiles among other places. VOCs can aggravate asthma and irritate the eyes, nose, and throat.
Darbhanga Air Pollution
Most air polluted 20 cities in the world - 
Here is the list of most air polluted cities in the world: 
1) Lahore, Pakistan 
2) Hotan, China 
3) Bhiwandi, India 
4) Delhi, India 
5) Peshawar, Pakistan
6) Darbhanga, India 
7) Asopur, India 
8) N'Djamena, Chad 
9) New Delhi, India 
10) Patna, India 
11) Ghaziabad, India 
12) Dharuhera, India 
13) Baghdad, Iraq 
14) Chapra, India 
15) Muzzafarnagar, India 
16) Faisalabad, India 
17) Greater Noida, India 
18) Bahadurgarh, India 
19) Faridabad, India 
20) Muzzafarpur, India

City Darbhanga ranked 6th in the most air polluted city in the world -
According to a survey by the Swiss company IQAir, Darbhanga, a city in the Indian state of Bihar, was the sixth most polluted city in the world in 2022. According to the study, Darbhanga's yearly average PM2.5 concentration was 90.3 micrograms per cubic meter (g/m3), which is more than 10 times the World Health Organization's (WHO) suggested annual limit of 5 g/m3.

Must Take Action to Address Air Pollution in Darbhanga by Government -
Bihar's air quality ranks among the poorest in India, which raises serious concerns about air pollution. The Bihar government has made some efforts to solve the issue, but more must be done before the situation gets worst in Bihar. Here are some of the steps that the government of Bihar has taken to reduce pollution- 
  • Invest in public transportation
  • Promote the use of electric vehicles
  • Crack down on polluters
  • Plant trees and save trees
  • Educate the public about air pollution
  • Improve waste management
  • Promote sustainable agriculture
  • Create green spaces

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